Beyond Stephen Hawking – Chirag Patel                                2018 April 01

Beyond Stephen Hawking – Chirag Patel                                2018 April 01

#StephenHawking #DarkMatter #DarkEnergy #BeyondBigBang #BigBang #Upanishad

This article is my homage to one of greatest minds of our time – Stephen Hawking.

On 2018 March 02, I read a news article on Stephen Hawking (link: Hawking said that he knew what it was before big bang! About 13.8 billion years ago, the entire universe was a single atom, Hawking said. In that immensely dense particle of heat and energy, the laws of Physics and Time did not exist! In fact, time tends to nothing infinitely in that tiny speck. There was no point of talking about what happened before that as it did not have any observational consequences, said Hawking.

After reading that, instantly, I thought of atharvashira upanishad! It very well describes how this universe is formed and how it came into existence. Stephen Hawking passed away on 2018 March 14. And since then, I wanted to write this article!

We do not know exact time when atharvashira or any upanishad was written. General belief is that the upanishads were written some 2500-3000 years ago. Traditionally, upanishads are collection of explanation of vedas as taught by rushis to their disciples. So, this oral tradition might very well be 5000-6000 year old!

atharvashira upanishad is also known as atharvashiras or atharvashirsa upanishad. It is a collection of 7 verses describing rudra. It is based on atharva veda. These verses use contemporary words to characterize rudra. Let us analyze some of these words that are very modern and can be compared with modern scientific discoveries.

  1. rudra is indestructible (akshara) and destruclible (kshara).

The world as we know is destructible. Everything around us that we can perceive with our sensory organs goes through cycles of life and death.

Now at subtle level, there is energy and there are elementary particles. These can change their forms but are basically indestructible as long the universe exists. Our universe is the result of big bang. So, when time commenced, there has to be some state of matter and energy that existed before. This can be called seed of the universe and this aspect of universe can be said to be indestructible.

  1. Eight planets (graha) and shadow-planets (pratigraha) are rudra.

When this upanishad was written, people must be aware of planets being distinct objects from stars. Indian astronomical texts suggest eight planets – Sun (soorya), Moon (chandra), Jupiter (bruhaspati), Saturn (shani), Venus (shukra), Mercury (budha), Mars (mangala), Earth (pruthvi). Shadows creating lunar and solar eclipses are called shadow planets (raahu, ketu) in that system. People of ancient time must have a method to identify these objects in sky and that seems to be a remarkable fit.

  1. aumkara is omnipresent and eternal and that is rudra.

One can utter aum without using tongue, teeth and palate. It is primordial sound. And thus, it is primordial energy. So, we can say that this energy or sound must have existed always according to atharvashira upanishad. Also, this sound or energy is all pervading per the upanishad.

  1. aumkara is omnipresent because it is present within everything in this universe as non-manifested entity as oil within sesame seeds. aumkara is eternal because it has no beginning and no end while pronouncing. aumkara is brightest white because it is self-illuminating and gives light to everything else.

These three qualities are remarkable in the sense that they also can be attributed to elementary particles. Every particle can be considered to follow a wave like pattern. And thus, it has sound and vision even though we cannot perceive such subtle properties. So, when we utter aumkara, we are being in tune with primordial universe. This has immense effect at cellular level which we cannot feel but its result is evident at gross level.

Also, 72% of this universe is made up of dark energy. Our cells, atoms everything comprise of dark energy. We do not have direct observational evidences yet. Dark energy is hypothesis. But, this part of the verse states us that dark energy is present in everything of this universe.

  1. Fire (agni), air (vaayu), water (jala), earth (bhoomi) and space (aakaasha) are ashes.

When an object is burnt, its residual matter is ash. Ancient belief was that every matter in this universe is made up of five basic elements – earth, water, fire, air and space. In this verse, it is said that these basic elements are ashes. So, there has to be some objects which were burnt and the result is the formation of the basic elements. We know for sure that Earth is resultant of cooled fire ball. When water vapour cools down, it becomes liquid water. But, vapour is formed if liquid water is heated. So, same can be said for fire, air and space.

  1. This universe is born from rudra in form of fire (agni). When rudra goes to sleep, everything is destroyed. Time (kaala) is born from indestructible element (akshara). Time makes it expanding and all pervading. When rudra breathes, darkness (tama) is born. Liquid (aapah) is created from darkness (tama). rudra churns the liquid (aapah) and it becomes thick (shishira). rudra churns it more and it creates foam (fenah). Cosmic egg (anDa) is born from that foam (fenah). brahmaa comes into existence in that egg (anDa). Air (vaayu) is born from brahmaa. aumkaara is born from air (vaayu). aumkaara creates light (saavitree). Light (saavitree) creates sound (gaayatree). And, sound (gaayatree) creates world (loka).

This universe came into existence through big bang. The above verse describes that whole process in detail. Heat energy and matter were a dense tiny speck which must be the seed for this universe. That seed must be some state of matter and energy which is indestructible as it existed before the beginning of time. As time comes into existence, that seed expands. This verse also states cycle nature of this universe. It has end and it has beginning. In the end, universe just vanishes.

Once time starts from seed, dark matter and dark energy comes into existence in the seed. These dark entities become thick after some churning. More churning makes it less dense and it creates foam. From that foam, cosmic egg forms. First, gaseous matter is formed. This gives birth to primordial energy. That energy generates radiation or light. And the radiation or light brings out sound. Sound creates visual forms and thus this world is born.

Modern science is not able to describe this process in detail yet. We can assume that rushi who wrote this upanishad has definitely some insight into the phenomenon.



Fasting – Chirag Patel August 18, 2007

Fasting – Chirag Patel August 18, 2007

Hindus are divided into many different sects. Some sects which are based on “Vaishnava Smpradaya”, asks the followers to do fasting once every month. The Hindu calendar is based on lunar phases. So, every month, the 11th day of waxing moon, is considered the auspicious day to observe fasting.

The basic elements of Hinduism are found in great texts written around 6000 years ago. Bhagavad Gita is one of them which provides very integral terms of Hinduism. This text clearly mandates characteristics of being a Yogi, to lead spiritual path, and to be enlightened. Gita is very much specific about choosing food and having eating habits. According to this great book, offering any substance in pure form to God is the best food. It also cites some substances as leaves, flowers, fruits, and water which are pure and to be offered to God. It states that a true Yogi neither eats more nor eats less.

From later development in vedic texts some 3000 years ago, Patanjali who established a system of “RajaYoga”, declared 8 steps to become a “RajaYogi”. Second step in this system is “Niyama”. This step includes a sub-system called “Tapa”. “Tapa” means habituate mind and body to be in hardship. According to this system, “Tapa” purifies mind and body and makes one ready for advancement in spiritual path.

We can identify two different systems suggested for us – one which favors suffering as habit, and the other that denies any extremities.

Now, let us add a different perspective to this understanding. Physiologically, our body requires energy to digest food. So, if we can fast for half a day or a full day, the saved energy can be utilized for other purposes. People in old time chose some period especially during monsoon which lasts for almost 4 months in India, to do fasting. During this period of year, people feel loss of appetite naturally, and water and/or food have contamination. So, doing frequent fasting during such period allows one to tackle these issues.

In modern era of fasting, people use food cooked with rock salt on the day of fasting. This is not a correct way to do fasting. The whole purpose of fasting is not realized in this case. The best way to fast is to use water only during the day (24 hours period). Some people even prefer not to take water. They do “Nirjala” (literally meaning without water and any food) fasting.

Fasting allows observer to divert attention from food to soul. That allows one to seek path to the truth.



ભારતીય શાસ્ત્રનું આધુનિક દર્શન : સામવેદ – ૬ – ચિરાગ પટેલ

ભારતીય શાસ્ત્રનું આધુનિક દર્શન : સામવેદ – ૬ – ચિરાગ પટેલ
(Originally published at

पू. ३.१३.६ (२३८) तरणिरित्सिषासति वाजं पुरन्ध्या युजा । आ व इन्द्रं पुरुहूतं नमे गिरा नेमिं तष्टेव सुद्रुवम् ॥

જેમ કુશળ શિલ્પી સારી રીતે ચાલવા ચક્રને ગોળાઈ પ્રદાન કરે છે એમ પાર કરવા સમર્થ સાધક બુદ્ધિથી વિવેક પ્રાપ્ત કરવા પ્રયાસ કરે છે. હે યાજકો! તમારે માટે ઇન્દ્રની સ્તુતિઓથી અમે એવા જ નમ્ર બનીએ છીએ.

આ શ્લોકમાં ત્રણ વિગતો ધ્યાન ખેંચે છે. 1) સામવેદ કાળમાં ચક્રનો ઉપયોગ 2) ચક્રની ગોળાઈ માટેનું કૌશલ્ય એ સમયમાં ઉપલબ્ધ હોવું 3) ચક્રને ગોળાઈ આપવા માટે શિલ્પી પાસે યોગ્ય કૌશલ્ય હોવું!


पू. ३.१४.२ (२४४) य ऋते चिदभिश्रिषः पुरा जत्रुभ्य आत्रुदः । सन्धाता सन्धिं मघवा पुरुवसुर्निष्कर्ता विह्युतं पुनः ॥

જે ઇન્દ્ર ગળાના વહેતા લોહી અને અંગોને સાધન વિના પણ જોડી દે છે તે ઐશ્વર્યવાન કપાયેલા ભાગોને પણ ફરી જોડી દે છે.

આપણે ચરક અને સુશ્રુતને જાણીએ છીએ અને તેમના શલ્ય ચિકિત્સાના સાધનોને પણ જાણીએ છીએ. આ શ્લોકમાં ઋષિ આયુર્વેદની એ શલ્ય ચિકિત્સાનો સંદર્ભ લે છે, અને એવું જણાવે છે કે, એવા સાધનો વિના પણ લોહી વહેતું અટકે છે, તેમજ કપાયેલા અંગોને પણ સાધનો વિના જોડી શકાય છે! એવું કહી શકાય કે, સામવેદ રચના કાળમાં ચિકિત્સાની એવી પદ્ધતિ પણ વિકસી હશે જેમાં સાધનોની જરૂર પડે એવી સ્થિતિમાં એ સાધનો વિના ઉપચાર કરી શકાય.


पू. ३.१४.३-४ (२४५-२४६) आ त्वा सहस्त्रमा शतं युक्ता रथे हिरण्यये । ब्रह्मयुजो हरय इन्द्र केशिनो वहन्तु सोमपीतये ॥ आ मन्द्रैरिन्द्र हरिभिर्याहि मयूररोमभिः । मा त्वा के चिन्नि येमुरिन्न पाशिनोऽति धन्वेव तां इहि ॥

હે ઇન્દ્ર! સુવર્ણ રથમાં મંત્રથી જોડાતાં હજારો શ્રેષ્ઠ ઘોડા આપની સાથે સોમપાન માટે લઈને આવો. જેમ પ્રવાસી અટક્યા વિના મરૂપ્રદેશને સત્વરે પાર કરી લે છે, તેમ હે ઇન્દ્ર આનંદદાયક મોર પંખ જેવા, રોમયુક્ત ઘોડાની સાથે અવરોધો દૂર કરતા આવો. બાંધનારા આપને અટકાવી નહિ શકે.

આપણે અહીં બે શ્લોકને એકસાથે તપાસીએ. અહીં ઈન્દ્રનું નામ છે પણ વર્ણન સૂર્યનું છે. હજારો સોનેરી કિરણોરૂપી ઘોડાઓ પર સવાર થઈ ઇન્દ્રને ઋષિ સોમપાન માટે બોલાવે છે. વળી, એ કિરણો સાત રંગના બનેલા છે એવો આડકતરો નિર્દેશ પણ અહીં છે.


पू. ३.१५.५-६ (२५७-२५८) प्र व इन्द्राय बृहते मरुतो ब्रह्मार्चत । वृत्रंहनति वृत्रहा शतक्रतुर्वज्रेण शतपर्वणा ॥ बृहदिन्द्राय गायत वृत्रहन्तमम् । येन ज्योतिरजनयन्न्रुतावृधो देवं देवाय जाग्रुवि ॥

સેંકડો ધારવાળા વજ્રથી વૃત્રને હણનાર સો યજ્ઞ કરનાર ઇન્દ્રને, હે યાજકો! સ્તોત્ર સંભળાવો. હે યાજકો! ઇન્દ્ર નિમિત્તે વૃત્રનો વિનાશ કરનારા, બૃહદ સામનું ગાન કરો. એના વડે યજ્ઞના વિશેષજ્ઞ વિદ્વાનોએ દિવ્યજગૃતિ લાવનાર જ્યોતિ ઉત્પન્ન કરી છે.

ઇન્દ્રપદ પ્રાપ્ત કરવા સો અશ્વમેધ યજ્ઞો કરવા પડે એવો પુરાણોમાં ઉલ્લેખ છે. એનો અહીં નિર્દેશ જોવા મળે છે. વળી, માત્ર ઇન્દ્ર નહિ પણ બૃહદ સામનું ગાન પણ વૃત્રનો નાશ કરે છે. જો આપણે દધીચિ એટલે દહીંના અંગો એવો અર્થ લઈએ અને એને એક રુપકરૂપે જોતા ધોળાં વાદળોનો સમૂહ ગણી શકાય. એમાંથી ઉત્પન્ન થતી વીજળી એ વજ્ર ગણીએ. વળી, ઇન્દ્રને સૂર્ય તરીકે સમજીએ તો એના કિરણો પણ વજ્ર કહી શકાય. અને વૃત્ર એટલે અંધકાર કે અજ્ઞાન. ઉપરના બે શ્લોકોને આપણે આ સંદર્ભમાં જોઈએ તો રૂપકો સમજાય એમ લાગે છે.


पू. ३.१५.१० (२६२) यदिन्द्र नाहुषीष्वा ओजो नृम्णं च कृष्टिषु । यद्वा पञ्चक्षितीनां द्युम्नमा भर सत्रा विश्वानि पौंस्या ॥

હે ઇન્દ્ર! સંગઠિત પ્રજામાં જે પરાક્રમ છે, પાંચ વર્ગોમાં જે ધન છે, એવું જ ઐશ્વર્ય અમને આપો. એકતાથી ઉત્પન્ન થતી શક્તિ અમને મળે.

સામવેદ કાળના સમાજજીવનમાં પાંચ વર્ગ હોવાનો અહીં નિર્દેશ છે. આપણે ચાર વર્ણો જાણીએ છીએ પણ પાંચ વર્ગ એટલે બ્રાહ્મણ, ક્ષત્રિય, વૈશ્ય, શૂદ્ર અને નિષાદ ગણી શકીએ. વળી, પાંચ મહાભુતો એટલે કે પૃથ્વી, જળ, અગ્નિ, વાયુ અને આકાશ પણ ગણી શકાય. ઋષિ પાંચે વર્ગોની શક્તિ સંગઠિત થઈ, સમૃદ્ધિ મેળવવાની ઈચ્છા રાખે છે. અનેકતામાં એકતા અને એક રાષ્ટ્ર કે પ્રદેશમાં સંગઠન શક્તિના મહત્વનો નિર્દેશ કરતો આ શ્લોક અનોખો છે. સામવેદમાં આ શ્લોક મુક્યો છે ત્યાં સુધી ક્યાંય સામાજિક કે રાજકીય સંદર્ભનો શ્લોક આવતો નથી.


Life – Chirag Patel Oct 09, 1998

Life – Chirag Patel Oct 09, 1998

What is life afterall? A little distance
Between two hospitals? Or somthing more?
Life begins with new hope. Life ends
With more hopes. Life is like marathon
Race. A run from little valley of womb
To little valley of mother earth! Truly,
Life is a chase. A chasae of unknown, a
Chase of known! Life is merely this? No.
Life is love. Life is joy. Life is happiness.
Life is relationship. Life is friendship.
Life is giving. Life is uphoria. Aboveall,
Life is a glimpse of God’s activity!


Remembrance – Chirag Patel Jan 10, 1999

Remembrance – Chirag Patel Jan 10, 1999

The first night of life, God asked “Who do you like?”,
Promptuous reply was mine, “Something you life”.

Euphemism it was; which unimpressed creator,
Elaborating, I unfolded truly my needs to narrator.

You like me, you love me, the unforgettable;
Feeling you give us is always fully untouchable.

You like love and I like to be loved forever;
God then created you, not mundane, for ever.

Your touch, your love, your carress, your warmth,
Your care, all made me mad swinging back and forth.

Then went away God, leaving me like a novice;
You taught me to live, yes, you are my choice.

Thankful to God I am. I was rustic, uncultured;
Thankful to you my love, I got pearl from culture.


Rain of Feelings – Chirag Patel Jul 26, 1999

Rain of Feelings – Chirag Patel Jul 26, 1999

Tip, tip, tip; falling drops of rain;
Bathing in; feeling beats of heart drain.

Small creatures; roaming here and there;
Loving them; feeling to go from nowhere.

Breeze of air; scintillating your hair;
Alluring me; feeling to breathe new air.

Diaphanous coat; covering you charming;
Losing control; feeling to seek alarming.

Silver clouds; glittering by the sun;
Giving peace; feeling as if I stunned.

Monsoon everywhere; greenery everywhere;
Togetherness here; feeling deepest love here.


My Love – Diodes Chirag Patel Jun, 1996

My Love – Diodes
Chirag Patel Jun, 1996

Evanescent world, that you are living in;
Lonely diodes, true martyrs you are indeed.

Ever I see, I feel dearth of you;
Carnage of yours, changed the era.

Truly saying, then began the second generation;
Roaming here and there, we met the ICs.

On the way to success, made the neural paths;
Neural networks are the fruits whose seeds you are.

Intellectual Intel made the Pentium;
Consummate – it is indeed; proved-
Success is to flow like water thru’ a road of rocks.


Twinkling Heart – Chirag Patel

Twinkling Heart – Chirag Patel

I want to reach that land farthest.
I want to wander on that land farthest.

All watered mirages of this heart,
All palaces built with sand,
I want to reach that land farthest.

Seeing thru’ eyes of mind,
Fluttering wings of hands,
I want to reach that land farthest.

To receive gift of education,
To give treasure of knowledge,
I want to reach that land farthest.

To enjoy life,
To remove layer of Maya,
I want to reach that land farthest.

Departing from all that were in heart,
With drops of heart from beloved,
I want to reach that land farthest.

O my aunt-land,
I left behind mother for your love.
I am here to explore your womb.
I am here to reap riches.

Please, do not make me cry a lot.
Please, do not remove memories of dear ones.

Let me have memories of my sweetheart,
Accept me at your lotus feet, please.


Open – Chirag Patel

Open – Chirag Patel

Hugged by womb of darkness,
With gentle flow of words in melody,
Dumb-found directions witnessing,
Iota of existence started journey
towards non-duality!

Swollen red lips playing tag,
Tip of tits bloomed with beats,
Thirst of impatient body
Exploded like waves of
bees enjoying nectar!

In the midst of boat thumping,
With wand moving to meet navel,
Opened petals of lotus
With juice of life which
Allured whole cosmos in union!

Slowly rising splash of joy,
Listening to floating music of non-dual,
“Lamp” and “Light” hid existence
In the heart of time and
Lost selves!